The two Spains before the Civil War: the false myth of the united people who fought against Napoleon
During the War of Independence, not the whole country was a pineapple in its fight against the French invader, nor did all the Spaniards frown upon becoming part of the Napoleonic empire. This is the story of that other division between neighbors and relatives
Too bad this article seems to be behind a paywall, I'm actually interested in the topic. I was quite astonished to learn that Goya (he of the Dos de Mayo paintings) in the end had to move to France in order to escape persecution of his own countrymen, also that he had indeed worked for Joseph in Madrid. It made me wonder how clear cut loyalties really were (or could be) during that time.
Also, some of the memoirs I've seen described really horrible scenes, committed by Spanish against Spanish. And when Soult had to evacuate Andalusia, a large number of high-ranking officials left with him. So I assume this was an internal civil war in addition to being an invasion?