PRISIONEROS ESPAÑOLES EN LA FRANCIA NAPOLEÓNICA. EL MODELO POSITIVODE LOS ESPACIOS DECAUTIVERIO DE LOS SUBOFICIALES, A TRAVÉS DEL DIARIO DE JOSE Mª ROMÁN (1808-1900)
UNIVERSIDADEDE ÉVORA, 2014
BSTRACT: This study analyzes Spanish prisoners of war (POW), the captivity system of Non Commissioned Officers (NCO) in Napoleonic France. Its principal source is the Memoirsof José María Román (1809-1814), which are contrasted with the postcards (1900) of the military caserne where they were confined in Nancy, before going to the city of Caudebec. It is shown the quotidian life and social networks they established with the French people. Are also shown the problems they had when they return back to Spain and had to hide that experience. We offer a positive image, a model of prison that –maybe-could be generalized between NCO ́s POW during Napoleonic Campaigns in France (1808-1816). An almost unknown model which speaks about the transition from the ancien regime to the Liberalismo.