La mort de Murat et la promotion romanesque d’une légitimité politique nationale
The death of Murat and the romantic promotion of a national political legitimacy Pierre-Yves Manchon
This article looks back on the death of Joachim Murat, the son of a French innkeeper, a loyal general to Napoleon and a hero of his wars of conquest, who was propelled to the position of King of Naples from 1808 to 1815. The article documents and analyzes the moment of his death by firing squad and the conditions by which a heroic legend surrounding his execution was produced and then disseminated. It shows how, depending on the moment and the reception of the story, this romantic death provoked either denigration of the imperial past or mystificatory political usages, notably during the Risorgimento.