There are some pretty good studies on how many troops went out with Napoleon's expedition to Egypt. There were very few reinforcements. Are there any recent studies on how many troops survived and came back? Can anyone help point me to a study which calculates the casualties of that 1798 to 1801 adventure. Thanks.
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Martin, Yves : The French Army of the Orient 1798 - 1801 - Napoleon's beloved "Egyptians", Helion Press, Solihull 2017
The best source that I have found is The French Army of the Orient 1798-1801, which is highly recommended for anyone interested in the campaign. The following are some of the order of battle excerpts that are listed in detail on pages 73-102:
The total strength of the army that embarked for Egypt was 36,545.
Of that total, 3,053 were left to garrison Malta under Vaubois.
Maltese troops that joined the expedition totaled 477.
As of 18 August 1798 the returns showed the total being 28,443 with 22,064 available for duty.
Desaix's division in Upper Egypt numbered 3,138 as of 21 September 1798. He was reinforced to a total of 4,308 as of December 1798 when Davout's command arrived.
For the Syrian expedition, there were 12,945 as of 9 February 1799 and 9,670 as of 15 May 1799.
The returns of 21 January 1801 gives a strength of 24,547 fit for duty and a total strength of 25,453.
The French forces present at the Battle of Alexandria of 21 March 1801, commanded by Menou gives a total of 15,033 under his command.
General Belliard commanded 11,277 fit for duty in Cairo. This is from a return in the French war archives.
Less casualties, and those who chose to stay in the Middle East, this would be the total that would be transported back to France after the surrender in Egypt.